Wednesday, 22 March 2023

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5 ways CBDCs could impact the global financial system

5 ways CBDCs could impact the global financial system

Central bank digital currencies (CBDCs) are digital versions of fiat currencies that are backed and issued by central banks. Here are five ways in which CBDCs could impact the global financial system.

Digitalization of payments

CBDCs might make payments quicker and more efficient because they would do away with the need for intermediaries. Costs could be brought down as a result, along with financial inclusion and an improved global payments system.

CBDCs could also enable cross-border payments to become faster and more efficient, as they would not be subject to the limitations of the traditional financial system. The ease and reduced cost of conducting cross-border commercial transactions could have a big impact on global trade. Additionally, because they would be supported by the central bank and subject to strict security controls, CBDCs could aid in lowering the risks connected with payment systems, such as fraud and cyberattacks.

Reduced use of cash

The use of cash may drop with the introduction of CBDCs as more individuals switch to making digital payments. This might make it simpler for central banks to monitor cash movements and thwart fraud and other criminal activity.

There may be less need for ATMs to disburse cash as more consumers switch to digital payments. This can result in fewer ATMs being used and less money being spent on servicing them. Moreover, CBDCs could enable peer-to-peer payments between people and companies, doing away with the requirement for in-person cash transactions. Without requiring actual cash, this would make it simpler for people to give and receive money.

Increased financial stability

By giving central banks more direct control over the money supply and interest rates, CBDCs may enhance financial stability. Although CBDCs could offer an alternative to conventional bank deposits, they could also aid in lowering the risks related to bank runs.

People may withdraw their money from banks during tough financial times, which could result in a bank run. People would have another option to withdraw their money with CBDCs, lowering the possibility of bank runs.

Related: Wholesale CDBC vs. retail CDBC: Key differences

Since they are supported by central banks and are subject to strict security regulations, CBDCs could increase the robustness of payment networks. This would lessen the likelihood of cyberattacks and assist in preventing payment system failures.

New monetary policy tools

CBDCs might make it possible for central banks to…

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