Streaming video is one of the fastest-growing markets in the world, with the OTT video industry alone projected to reach $200 billion in 2023. Short for “over-the-top” video, the OTT video ecosystem includes on-demand video as well as ad-supported video content, and it is mainly driven by the growth of established Web2 streaming platforms, including Netflix, Hulu and Disney+.
The streaming video market is expected to grow at 14.3% CAGR. Source: Replay
While the reports project an $300 billion revenue for the streaming video business by 2027, the lopsided revenue-sharing mechanics of the industry creates an unhealthy balance between the creators of value and the platforms distributing that content. The centralized nature of the video streaming ecosystem allows for opaque distribution and lets platforms capture the vast majority of the revenue, leaving minimal value for video creators.
Although companies – ranging from talent agencies to tech projects – exist to broker and license content on behalf of the creator, they fail to track revenue accurately and mostly rely on manual record-keeping. The recent strikes started by the Writers Guild of America (WGA), Directors Guild of America (DGA) and SAG-AFTRA, the union representing actors in the United States, remind the film industry that the workers behind streamed shows are heavily underpaid and uninformed when they will get paid next, highlighting the issues in the traditional value distribution model.
Blockchain-based video distribution
One potential solution for mainstream media brands managing these issues lies in a decentralized, transparent video distribution ecosystem that utilizes the traceability and accountability qualities of blockchain technology. Replay, a decentralized video streaming protocol, aims to provide transparency and fairness to content creators and owners by building a video ecosystem with real-time compensation by monitoring content usage on playback and recording all data on a distributed ledger. The protocol can also gamify any video app with badges, missions and digital collectibles.
Replay’s first streaming service, RewardedTV, utilizes Web3 to reward viewers with digital tokens. Users can redeem reward tokens for digital goods, and the whole experience is gamified with features such as leaderboards and competitions.
How decentralized video streaming works for the benefit of creators and viewers. Source: Replay
Using Replay’s asset management portal, creators can get live…